Sunday, August 15, 2010

Report of Anak Angkat and UPSR motivation programme

The weekend of 30th July until 1st August this year will forever be etched in the minds of the 88 participants of students and 9 teachers who attended the programme of ''Anak Angkat and UPSR motivation'' organised by the PSK Unit of SMK Agama Slim River.The three days and two nights programme, held at Kampung Kuak Luar,Pengkalan Hulu,Perak.The objectives of the programme were to instil leadership qualities,improve teamwork among participants,reveal the truth life outside of school to students and most important, to get close relationship between students and the villagers.

All of the students,who are in Form Four this year,were very excited throughout the six-hour minute to the village. Although the journey was so far but it was not boring because we watched movie in the bus.They went there by two bus. Some people were go by teacher's car. Upon arrival,they are celebrated by the villagers of Kampung Kuak Luar and they were be taken as adopted child. All the people over the moon when their name was mention. Then,they were coming adopted parent's home. In the night,the activity is with own family adopted.

The second day of the programme started off with an early morning aerobic session at 8.00 a.m. Some energetic facilitators were conduct us and the students of years 5 and 6 for the session. The early morning exercise was invigorating and refreshing. Then,we were be separated into two group;group A and group B.Group A took for UPSR motivation programme because all of them were returned from PRODIGY Camp so, they must practise back all knowledge that they got there to the children.While group B helped villagers for ''gotong-royong memasak''. In the noon,we lunch together. The UPSR motivation end at 5.00 p.m. Group B end the activities around 3.00 p.m after cleaned up the place after lunch.After solat Zuhur,we were from group B returned to home.

In the evening at 5.00 p.m,we visited one of the oldest ''sekolah pondok'' in Malaysia.They live in poor life but,we were so impressive with their spirit to study. The interesting fact is only one or two students at there wearing spectacles although they study under candle light.At 6.00 p.m,boys student played football with the village's teenagers in battle. The result is our school won the match;2-0.The night programme was so benefit;''ceramah Israk Mikraj''. The speaker was interesting because he know how to attract listener attention.The programme ended at 12.00 a.m.

On the final day,we had gotong-royong. Some of boy students gotong-royong at grave. The balance of them helped girl student at the mosque. 15 of girl students helped villagers prepared lunch for all.Then, all students be given time to spend with own family adopted for the last. The parting ceremony started at 3.00 p.m. All of us was so sad and cry. We returned to school at 6.00 p.m and reached at 11.30 p.m. We were so enjoy the holiday although tired.

Reported by,


Sunday, August 1, 2010

report writing format


The main purpose of a report is to provide information so that others can make a decision or take action.
Examples of written reports include:
- A company’s annual report
- A community centre’s funding report detailing how a grant of money was spent
- A report to management summarising customer feedback


Reports can vary in length, as long as they meet the required outcomes. A report of one or two pages may be presented in memo format, providing a brief summary of activities. Longer reports will need to follow the structure outlined below.

Before preparing a report, it is important to clarify what information is required, and how much detail the person requesting the report needs.




Segment name and
order in report

Segment description and tips

order when writing

1. Title Page

Title of report



Author & author's title

Person/organisation who requested the report

Date of completion

2. Letter of transmittal


Is set out as a formal business letter addressed to the person requesting the report


Explains on whose authority the report was written

May summarise or draw attention to specific material in a report

Acknowledges assistance in researching and compiling the report

3. Table of contents

Includes from summary through to appendices



Does not include title page and table of contents page

Uses the decimal numbering system (DNS)

Indents each layer of the DNS

Identifies appropriate page numbers

4. Summary

Represents 10% of the written report, and includes:-


(also known as synopsis, executive summary and precis)

Why (the purpose of the report)

Scope (what issues are covered and what issues are not covered)

How (brief details of research methods)

What (important results and findings)

So what (major conclusions and recommendations)

All covered in the same order as the report


5. Introduction

What is the report about?


Why it is being written?

Who is conducting the research?

Any background information relevant to the report

Scope (what will and will not be covered)

6. Discussion

Break your information up into sections and sub-sections using Decimal Numbering System


Confine yourself to the facts

Present your information clearly

7. Conclusions

This section answers the question “what does all this stuff mean?”


Relate your answers back to the original purpose of the report

Includes a clear summary of the main points

Outlines the findings of the research

Do not introduce new information in the conclusion

8. Recommendations

Should be written in descending order of importance


Emerge from the conclusions

They are the honest, justified opinions of the writer and include:-

What is to be done

Who is to do it

How/when it is to be done


9. Bibliography


10. Appendices

Contains supplementary material too detailed for the main body of the report
May include photographs, tables, charts, maps, statistics, questionnaires etc
Any inclusions must be clearly labeled and referred to in the body of the report


The Title Page

The title page identifies the report. It should include the title, the author, the person or organisation which requested the report, and the date of completion. The title itself should be short and concise, but let the reader know exactly what the report is about. If the meaning is not clear a sentence explaining the content of the report may follow (as in the example below):


A Report on the effects of recent changes in licensing legislation
on small public hotels in rural NSW

Prepared for Outback Business Enterprises

By Tom Smith

12 January 1999

Sample letter of transmittal

The Prime Minister
Parliament House

Dear Sir:

We are pleased to present our final report, "Information Technology Research: Investing in Our Future," on future directions for Commonwealth support of research and development for information technology. This report adds detail to the findings and recommendations in our interim report dated August 1998, and strengthens our previous recommendations regarding the importance of social and economic research on the impacts of information technology to inform key policy decisions.

We hope that our recommendations will be helpful as you consider the priorities for Commonwealth investments. We look forward to discussing this report with you, with members of your government and with members of Parliament.

James White
Senior Project Manager

Helen Murray
Project Officer

Sample table of contents



2.1 Typical injuries sustained 1-2

3.1 Massage for the sprinter and stayer 2

3.1.1 Pre-racing
3.1.2 Post-racing
3.1.3 Training

3.2 Massage for the Yearling 4-5

3.3 Massage for the Foal 5

4.1 Stress Point Therapy 5-6

4.2 Shiatsu 6



A. Superficial Muscles
B. Stress Points

Sunday, March 7, 2010

Rhetorical devices

Alliteration: repetition of the initial consonant sounds beginning several words in sequence.

"....we shall not falter, we shall not fail." President G.W. Bush Address to Congress following 9-11-01 Terrorist Attacks.

"Let us go forth to lead the land we love." President J. F. Kennedy, Inaugural 1961
"Veni, vidi, vici." Julius Caesar (I came, I saw, I conquered)
Assonance: repetition of the same vowel sounds in words close to each other.
"Thy kingdom come, thy will be done." The Lord's Prayer

Anadiplosis: ("doubling back") the rhetorical repetition of one or several words; specifically, repetition of a word that ends one clause at the beginning of the next.

"Men in great place are thrice servants: servants of the sovereign or state; servants of fame; and servants of business." Francis Bacon

Anaphora: the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses or lines.
"We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender." British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Antistrophe: repetition of the same word or phrase at the end of successive clauses.
"In 1931, ten years ago, Japan invaded Manchukuo -- without warning. In 1935, Italy invaded Ethiopia -- without warning. In 1938, Hitler occupied Austria -- without warning. In 1939, Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia -- without warning. Later in 1939, Hitler invaded Poland -- without warning. And now Japan has attacked Malaya and Thailand -- and the United States --without warning." President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Antithesis: opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction.
"Extremism in defense of liberty is no vice, moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue."Barry Goldwater - Republican Candidate for President 1964

"Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more". Brutus in: " Julius Caesar" by William Shakespeare

Aporia: expression of doubt (often feigned) by which a speaker appears uncertain as to what he should think, say, or do.
"Then the steward said within himself, 'What shall I do?" Bible: Luke 16
Apostrophe: a sudden turn from the general audience to address a specific group or person or personified abstraction absent or present.
"For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar's angel.Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him". Mark Antony in 'Julius Caesar' - William Shakespeare

Asyndeton: lack of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words.
"We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardships, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty." J. F. Kennedy, Inaugural

"But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground." President Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address
Cacophony: harsh joining of sounds.
"We want no parlay with you and your grisly gang who work your wicked will." British Prime Minister Winston Churchill -referring to Hitler.
Catachresis: a harsh metaphor involving the use of a word beyond its strict sphere.

"I listen vainly, but with thirsty ear." General Douglas MacArthur, Farewell Address
Chiasmus: two corresponding pairs arranged not in parallels (a-b-a-b) but in inverted order (a-b-b-a); from shape of the Greek letter chi (X).
"Those gallant men will remain often in my thoughts and in my prayers always." General Douglas MacArthur

"Renown'd for conquest, and in council skill'd." Marcus Tullius Cicero
Climax: arrangement of words, phrases, or clauses in an order of ascending power. Often the last emphatic word in one phrase or clause is repeated as the first emphatic word of the next.
"One equal temper of heroic hearts,Made weak by time and fate, but strong in willTo strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield." Tennyson, " Ulysses"
Euphemism: substitution of an agreeable or at least non-offensive expression for one whose plainer meaning might be harsh or unpleasant.

Examples: Euphemisms for " stupid"A few fries short of a Happy Meal.A few beers short of a six-pack.Dumber than a box of hair.Doesn't have all his cornflakes in one box.The wheel's spinning, but the hamster's dead.One Fruit Loop shy of a full bowl.All foam, no beer.The cheese slid off his cracker.Body by Fisher, brains by Mattel.
Hyperbole: exaggeration for emphasis or for rhetorical effect.

"If you call me that name again, I'm going to explode!"
Irony: expression of something which is contrary to the intended meaning; the words say one thing but mean another.

*Yet Brutus says he was ambitious;And Brutus is an honourable man. Shakespeare's Mark Antony in "Julius Caesar"

Metaphor: implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words; the word is used not in its literal sense, but in one analogous to it.

*Life's but a walking shadow; a poor player,That struts and frets his hour upon the stage. "
Shakespeare, in "Macbeth"

*From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent. W. Churchill

Oxymoron: apparent paradox achieved by the juxtaposition of words which seem to contradict one another.

*I must be cruel only to be kind." Shakespeare, Hamlet

"Hurts so good" John Cougar Melancamp
"Jumbo Shrimp"
Paradox: an assertion seemingly opposed to common sense, but that may yet have some truth in it.
*What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young."
George Bernard Shaw

Personification: attribution of personality to an impersonal thing.
*England expects every man to do his duty."
Lord Nelson
The rose was a soft as a baby's skin
"Rise up and defend the Motherland" Line from "Enemy at the Gates"
Pleonasm: use of superfluous or redundant words, often enriching the thought.
*No one, rich or poor, will be excepted.
*Ears pierced while you wait!
*I have seen no stranger sight since I was born.
Simile: an explicit comparison between two things using 'like' or 'as'.

*My love is as a fever, longing stillFor that which longer nurseth the disease"
Shakespeare, Sonnet CXLVII

*Reason is to faith as the eye to the telescope"
D. Hume

*Let us go then, you and I,While the evening is spread out against the sky,Like a patient etherized upon a table"
T.S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

Syllepsis: use of a word with two others, with each of which it is understood differently.
*We must all hang together or assuredly we will all hang separately. Benjamin Franklin

Tautology: repetition of an idea in a different word, phrase, or sentence.
"With malice toward none, with charity for all." President Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural


1. style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words: good diction.

2. the accent, inflection, intonation, and speech-sound quality manifested by an individual speaker, usually judged in terms of prevailing standards of acceptability; enunciation.

denotative and connotation meaning

The denotation of this example is a red rose with a green stem. The connotation is that it is a symbol of passion and love - this is what the rose represents.

The denotation is a representation of a cartoon heart. The connotation is a symbol of love and affection, not in the way of a rose, but a symbol of true love

The denotation is a mosque. The connotation is a symbol of religion, according to the media connotation. However, to be more specific this is a symbol of Islam.

Sunday, February 21, 2010

the boolean search

Boolean searches allow you to combine words and phrases using the words AND, OR, NOT and NEAR (otherwise known as Boolean operators) to limit, widen, or define your search. Most Internet search engines and Web directories default to these Boolean search parameters anyway, but a good Web searcher should know how to use basic Boolean operators.

summary of the fruitcake special

A chemist woman who works at the Amos cosmetics factory in New Jersey, USA trying to discover a new perfume. One day she threw her fruitcake which was her lunch in to the mix with all the other things. It smells wonderful so she tried it on her. Not too long, her boss who is a handsome English guy never saying nice thing to ordinary girl like her asked her to have a dinner with him. That would be because of fruitcake. Her boss always lost control of himself when he smelt that perfume. If does not put it on her, he will not be attractive anymore.